Europe COVID-19 Travel Information for Americans

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Are you planning a trip to Europe and looking for COVID-19 travel information? The rules around entry – including vaccination, testing, and quarantine all vary by country.

IMPORTANT NOTE: I urge travelers to use my country requirement summaries only as a guide – due to the rapidly changing entry requirements, my summaries might not match the current requirements. I have provided official government links that will have the latest information.

September 13th, 2021 UPDATE:

France: Fully vaccinated travelers can visit France for any reason and do not need to show a negative COVID test. Unvaccinated travelers must meet the criteria for “essential travel,” present a negative COVID test and quarantine for 7 days upon arrival.

Switzerland: Effective today, only fully vaccinated Americans are permitted to travel to Switzerland. Unvaccinated and those who have recovered from a recent COVID infection will not be permitted.

Even for these vaccinated travelers, testing will be mandatory for anyone over the age of 16. A recent negative COVID test result will permit entry into restaurants, bars, museums , spas, fitness centers and other private events.

September 7th, 2021 UPDATE:

Denmark: Now, only vaccinated Americans are permitted to enter for non-essential reasons (ie. tourism). Previously a negative COVID test or proof of recovery were also accepted.

Spain: Unvaccinated travelers must provide a negative test result (previously, testing was not required). Vaccinated travelers and those who have recently recovered from a COVID-19 infection don’t need a test but do need to show proof of recovery/vaccination.

Belgium: Fully vaccinated travelers are permitted entry into Belgium and must take a COVID test upon arrival. Travelers must quarantine until a negative test result is received and test again on Day 7. Unvaccinated travelers must meet the criteria for “essential travel,” quarantine for 10 days, and take a COVID test on Day 1 and Day 7. Quarantine may be reduced if the Day 7 test result is negative.

Sweden: Travelers coming from the United States are no longer permitted to enter for non-essential reasons.

Bulgaria: Travelers coming from the United States are no longer permitted to enter for non-essential reasons.

September 4th, 2021 UPDATE:

Netherlands: Effective until September 21st, vaccinated Americans must quarantine for 10 days with the option to take a COVID-19 test on Day 5 and be released early. Starting September 22nd, there will be no quarantine requirement for vaccinated travelers. Unvaccinated travelers are permitted to enter for essential reasons only (not for tourism).

From September 25th, for certain indoor activities, one must present proof of vaccination, COVID recovery, or a negative test result valid for 24 hours.

August 31st, 2021 UPDATE:

You may have heard the news coming out of the European Union earlier this week and since the headlines make it sound like a border closure, I want to clarify:

  1. There is no travel ban for US citizens wishing to travel to Europe.
  2. The E.U. made a recommendation to its member countries that they reconsider entry rules for Americans traveling for non-essential reasons (ie. tourism).
  3. So far, no member country has excluded Americans and it is widely expected that they won’t. Instead, we may see countries enacting stricter entry requirements.

One example of a change is in Italy. All travelers will need to show proof of a negative COVID-19 test result, regardless of vaccination status, prior to arrival. Unvaccinated travelers will also be required to quarantine for 5 days and test again on the final day.

Most countries already had rules in place when it comes to testing, vaccination, quarantine, etc., and those are things that could be changing. 

I know many of you are eager to get back over to Europe and have a lot of questions pertaining to whether or not you should start planning a future trip. There’s a lot to take into consideration. If you’d like to discuss a possible Euro trip, contact me or schedule a call! I’m staying up-to-date on all the latest requirements and best practices to make it all easy for my traveling clients.

July 10th, 2021 UPDATE:

Last month the European Union has made it official: Europe is open to American tourists! Most borders are open as of this posting – with the exception of Ireland which will start welcoming travelers on July 19th. 

The U.K., no longer a part of the European Union, is still requiring a 10-Day quarantine for all arrivals. The U.S. and U.K. plan to resume talks at the end of the month with the goal of reopening borders between our countries by September 2021. 

Most countries are not requiring vaccination in order to travel. Border entry requirements and procedures vary by destination as Member States (countries) can opt-out of the program or apply their own entry requirements. Here’s a good interactive map created by NBC News.

Important: Upon return to the United States, all travelers must provide a negative test result taken within 3 days of flight. Exemption: Those with proof of having recovered from a COVID-19 infection in the prior 90 days.

Greece

All travelers over age 12 must show either a negative PCR test result less than 72 hours old, an antigen test result not less than 48 hours old, or a vaccine certificate.

https://gr.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/ 

Iceland

Fully vaccinated travelers and those with proof of having recovered from a recent COVID-19 infection must show proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen test result taken with 72 hours of arrival. Unvaccinated travelers must show a negative test result – PCR test only – taken 72 hours prior to arrival, take another PCR test upon arrival, and quarantine for 5 days. On day 5, they must take another COVID test to be released from quarantine.

All travelers must register their visit in advance here.

https://visit.covid.is/ and https://is.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/ 

Croatia

Show either a negative PCR test result less than 72 hours old, an antigen test result not less than 48 hours old, a vaccine certificate, or proof of recovery from COVID-19 (less than 180 days prior). Travelers can also opt to take a test immediately upon arrival in Croatia (at the traveler’s expense) and quarantine until a negative test result is received.

https://hr.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/

Italy

8/30/21 UPDATE: Entry requirements have been modified following a recommendation from the European Union. Vaccinated travelers must now show a negative COVID-19 test result along with their vaccination card. Unvaccinated travelers must show a negative test result, quarantine for a 5-day period, and undergo another test at the end of the five days. Check this page for the latest updates.

All travelers should also complete the Passenger Locator Form prior to their flight to Italy.

https://it.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/

Traveling internationally is complex right now. But you don’t have to learn all of the ins and outs – that’s my job! Contact me if you’re thinking about traveling soon. I’ll design an itinerary for you that will make navigating Europe in this new travel environment a breeze!

France

9/13/21 UPDATE: Fully vaccinated travelers can visit France for any reason and do not need to show a negative COVID test. Unvaccinated travelers must meet the criteria for “essential travel,” present a negative COVID test and quarantine for 7 days upon arrival.

Children under age 11 are treated as vaccinated regardless of their vaccination status and do not need to have a COVID test. Travelers ages 11 through 17 are treated as vaccinated if they are accompanied by a fully vaccinated parent or guardian.

Apply online for your Pass Sanitaire in advance of travel or go to any pharmacy to take a COVID test to get a Pass valid for 72 hours of entering museums, dining indoors, etc.

https://fr.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/

Spain

All travelers age 12 and up will need to show either a negative PCR test result less than 72 hours old (or antigen test less than 48 hours old), a vaccine certificate, or proof of recovery from COVID-19 (less than 180 days prior)

All travelers will also need to complete the Spain Travel Health form and show the QR code before boarding a flight to Spain.

https://es.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/

Portugal

Americans are permitted entry into mainland Portugal with proof of a negative PCR test performed 72 hours before boarding a flight to Portugal or an antigen test performed 24 hours before boarding. All children over the age of 2 years old must submit a test result.

Those wishing to visit the autonomous regions of the Azores or Madeira have different requirements. Consult the link below for updates.

*Mainland Portugal will be reviewing entry protocol every two weeks.

https://pt.usembassy.gov/Covid-19-information/

Netherlands

9/15/21 UPDATE: Effective until September 21st, vaccinated Americans must quarantine for 10 days with the option to take a COVID-19 test on Day 5 and be released early. Starting September 22nd, there will be no quarantine requirement for vaccinated travelers. Unvaccinated travelers are permitted to enter for essential reasons only (not for tourism).

From September 25th, for certain indoor activities, one must present proof of vaccination, COVID recovery, or a negative test result valid for 24 hours.

Those transitting through Amsterdam Schipol Airport should consult the airport website.

https://nl.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information-3/

United Kingdom

Technically, the borders were never closed to American tourists, but a quarantine was required. On August 2nd, 2021, entry rules were relaxed. Fully vaccinated Americans are now allowed entry with proof of vaccination, proof of a negative test result less than 72 hours old, and must take another test on or before Day 2 in the UK (booked and paid for in advance).

Unvaccinated travelers must also test before arrival and are required to quarantine for 10 days with tests on or before Day 2 and again on or after Day 8.

All travelers must also complete a Passenger Locator Form within 48 hours of travel.

The United States is currently on the Amber List. Details of requirements for Amber List countries can be found here.

https://uk.usembassy.gov/covid-19-coronavirus-information/ 

Ireland

Ireland began to allow vaccinated Americans to travel without quarantine on July 19th, 2021. For unvaccinated travelers, a 14-day quarantine will still be required. All travelers must present a negative PCR test result less than 72 hours old upon arrival.

https://ie.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/

Belgium

9/7/21 UPDATE: Fully vaccinated travelers are permitted entry into Belgium and must take a COVID test upon arrival. Travelers must quarantine until a negative test result is received and test again on Day 7.

Unvaccinated travelers must meet the criteria for “essential travel,” quarantine for 10 days, and take a COVID test on Day 1 and Day 7. Quarantine may be reduced if the Day 7 test result is negative.

Those entering from outside the European Union will be required to complete a fill out the Passenger Locator Form within 48 hours of arrival.

https://be.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/

Germany

Americans are permitted to enter into Germany with proof of a negative PCR test performed 72 hours before entering Germany or an antigen test performed 48 hours before entering. Updated 8/15/21: Tests are also required for fully vaccinated travelers (last dose 15 days prior to travel) or for those who show proof of recovering from COVID infection within the last 6 months.

https://de.usembassy.gov/Covid-19-information/

Austria

Americans are permitted to enter Austria with proof of a negative PCR test performed 72 hours before entering Austria or an antigen test performed 48 hours before. Testing is not required for fully vaccinated travelers (last dose 15 days prior to travel) or for those who show proof of recovering from COVID infection within the last 6 months.

https://at.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/ and https://www.austria.org/current-travel-information

Switzerland

9/13/21 UPDATE: Effective today, only fully vaccinated Americans are permitted to travel to Switzerland. Unvaccinated and those who have recovered from a recent COVID infection will not be permitted.

Even for these vaccinated travelers, testing will be mandatory for anyone over the age of 16. A recent negative COVID test result will permit entry into restaurants, bars, museums , spas, fitness centers and other private events.

All travelers must complete the online Entry Form.

https://ch.usembassy.gov/covid-19-info/

Czech Republic

Fully vaccinated travelers from the United States are exempt from testing requirements. However, museums, hotels, and events are required to ask you to produce a vaccine certificate, recent negative test result, or proof of recovery from COVID infection in the last 6 months in order to enter.

Unvaccinated travelers must take a pre-arrival and post-arrival test and quarantine until a negative test result is recieved.

https://cz.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information-71/

Denmark

Updated 07/21: Only vaccinated Americans are permitted to enter for non-essential reasons (ie. tourism). Previously a negative COVID test or proof of recovery was also accepted.

VisitDenmark.com and https://dk.usembassy.gov/u-s-citizen-services/security-and-travel-information/covid-19-information/

Sweden

Updated 9/7/21: Travelers coming from the United States are no longer permitted to enter for non-essential reasons.

https://se.usembassy.gov/covid-19-coronavirus-information/

Slovenia

Americans are permitted for non-essential travel (ie. tourism) only if fully vaccinated or can show a positive PCR test within the past 6 months. recovered from Covid-19.  If you are a U.S. citizen with residency in the EU or are married to a Slovenian citizen, you may enter with proof of a negative Covid test.

Children under age 15 who travel with their parents do not have to test or quarantine.

https://si.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/

Montenegro

Show either a negative test result less than 72 hours old, vaccine certificate, or proof of COVID-19 antibodies no more than 30 days old.

https://sites.google.com/montenegro.travel/covid-19/eng  

Albania

Americans are permitted without any testing or quarantine requirements.

https://al.usembassy.gov/updates_covid19/ 

Bulgaria

Updated 9/7/21: Travelers coming from the United States are no longer permitted to enter for non-essential reasons.

https://bg.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Show a negative PCR test result less than 48 hours old.

https://ba.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/ 

Serbia

Show either a negative PCR or antigen test result less than 48 hours old or a vaccine certificate.

https://rs.usembassy.gov/serbia-covid-19-information 

Cyprus

Show a negative PCR test result less than 72 hours old plus take a test upon arrival, or a vaccine certificate (arrival tests will be conducted at random).

https://uk.usembassy.gov/covid-19-coronavirus-information/

Malta

If you’ve been in a designated “safe corridor” country for more than 14 days, you may enter Malta as an American along with a negative PCR test result less than 72 hours old.

https://mt.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/ 

Georgia

Show a negative PCR test result less than 72 hours old plus a test in Georgia on Day 3 (no quarantine required) or a vaccine certificate.

https://ge.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information-on-georgia/

Turkey

Show a negative PCR test result less than 72 hours prior to their international flight.

https://tr.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information-2/

Poland

Fully vaccinated Americans, those who can show proof of having recovered from a COVID infection within the prior 6 months, and children under 12 traveling with under the supervision of. vaccinated adults can visit Poland for tourism.

Visit https://pl.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/ for updates.

Whether you’re traveling next month or next year, travel planning tips are always valuable.

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